CIS 107a: Introduction to Hardware Concepts
Review for First Test
- What is difference between hardware and software? What about firmware?
- What are the four basic tasks a computer performs?
- What is a CPU?
- What is the difference between an internal device and an external
- What is the general name for the connector on the outside of a computer
where you plug in a cable to another device?
- Name two input devices and two output devices.
- What are some common internal components of a computer? What are
- What is the purpose of a CMOS chip? How does it retain its settings?
- What is the purpose of a BIOS chip?
- What kind of BIOS can be reprogrammed?
- What are two types of media referred to as permanent storage? Why
are they usually not "permanent"? Why are they called permanent?
- What is an operating system? How is it different from an application?
- What are memory addresses?
- What are some duties of an operating system?
- What are the two basic types of system boards discussed in Chapter
- Which components of a system board can commonly be upgraded?
- What are two other synonyms for "system board"?
- Why is the choice of system board a choice that dictates several
- What is a common unit of speed for CPUs?
- What is the difference between the internal and external data paths
of a CPU?
- What voltages are common for Pentium II chips?
- What is the basic difference between L1 cache and L2 cache? What
is a backside bus?
- What kind of Pentium is a Celeron? How does it compare with a Xeon?
- What is the major difference in the way that a Pentium II attaches
to system board, compared to a Classic Pentium?
- What is overclocking, and why is it a bad idea?
- What does it mean to "shadow" the ROM BIOS?
- Name some common expansion buses.
- Volts are a measure of what characteristic of electricity?
- What is the normal voltage of house current in the U.S.?
- Which of these can be measured with the power off: volts, amps, or
- Describe the relationship between volts, amps, and ohms in a circuit.
- What are the voltages produced by an ATX power supply?
- What is the wattage of a current of 1.5 amps and a voltage of 12 volts?
- What is the difference between a transformer and a rectifier? Which
is/are found in a PC power supply?
- Describe the purpose of the ground line in a house circuit. Show
the electrical symbol for ground.
- Why is a power supply dangerous even after the power is disconnected?
- What is a Faraday cage?
- What is a simple way to detect EMI?
- How many IRQs does a modern computer have?
- What devices are assigned to the first five IRQs?
- What IRQ is never used by a particular device?
- What utility do you use in Windows 98 and later to check system resource
- What are the three classic ways to restart a computer? Which avoids
the most steps of a startup?
- How are red and black wires typically used in a computer, as compared to house
- What is the difference between a conductor, an insulator, and a semiconductor?
- Name two common items that should not be used to move switches or
perform other tasks inside a computer case?
- How many volts must be in an electrostatic discharge to feel it?
- What is the puprose of:
- a diode?
- a resistor?
- a capacitor?
- What are two classic computer repair situations in which you should
avoid being grounded?
- Which kind of system boards typically have riser cards?
- What will happen to a UPS that runs constantly at its capacity?
- What are the three basic computer case types?
- What does a single beep during boot generally mean?
- What might a user do that could impair the intended cooling inside
- What advice is offered about AGP slots, regarding keeping the computer
- What typically must be set on a motherboard that runs slower than the
processor you are using?
- What are the two general methods of connecting a processor to a motherboard?
- What is a chip set? How is a hub interface used on modern chip sets?
- What are standard precautions to take when installing RAM, to protect
yourself? What do you do to protect the computer and the RAM modules?
- What might you do to make sure you are selecting the correct RAM
to upgrade a computer?
- What do you do if RAM you have just installed is not recognized by
- Some memory modules are meant to come straight out of their sockets,
but most are not. What is the correct way to remove one that is not?
- How is the speed of a SIMM typically noted? What about DIMMs? What
determines whether the oldest speed rating is used, or one of the two
- What metals are typically found on the connectors for RAM modules?
What difference could this make when choosing new modules for a specific
- What are some differences between SIMMs, DIMMs, and RIMMs?
- What kind of memory is COAST? Where in a computer might you find it
- What can you do to check the amount of RAM a computer has, regardless
of the operating system? What can you do if it is running a recent version