CIS 106a: Introduction to Operating System Concepts
Review for Second Test
- What is a local user account? What would its permissions apply to?
- What is a global user account? What is another name for it? Why is
this better for a large institution than a lot of local accounts per
- What two local accounts are automatically installed on a Windows 2000
or XP computer?
- What is a user group? What are two default groups meant to have a
lot of rights? What are two default groups meant to have very few rights
- What is a user profile? What would be the most likely way, in a domain
environment, for your user profile to be placed on your workstation?
What is a quick way to see a list of user profiles on your workstation?
- How long can a user account's name be in a W2K domain? How long can
the password be? Can an administrator read the password for a user account?
What can they do?
- What is the fastwiz.exe program for? Where are you likely to find
a copy of it? Who is its intended user?
- What is the User State Migration Tool for? Who is intended to use
- What to the following DOS commands do:
dir, del, copy, cd, md, rd, attrib, xcopy, chkdsk, and format
- What are the two most common wildcard characters used on DOS command
lines? What is the difference between them?
- What is a group policy? Why would you use one?
- What does the text suggest you can modify through the properties of
the Start button? What does it suggest you can manage through the All
- How are Remote Assistance and Remote Desktop similar and different?
What might be a common problem using Remote Assistance?
- What are four actions you could take to get more usable space on a
- What is a lost cluster? What is a broken chain? What maintenance program
can clean up both problems?
- What is data compression? How granular can Windows get with it (what
is the smallest object you can choose to compress)?
- Name four standard backup strategies. Of the three most commonly used,
which would take the longest time to make a backup on an average day?
Which would take the shortest time? Which would take the longest time
to do a restore (from complete failure)? Which would take the shortest
time to do a restore?
- When a PC running Windows XP boots up, what is the BIOS responsible
- Where do you find a Master Boot Record? What should it contain?
- What is the purpose of the MBR program? What program does it find
and call? What program does that program call?
- What are three critical files that the ntldr program loads?
- What is each of the following folders typically used for:
- c:\Documents and Settings
- c:\Program Files
- What is found in the boot.ini file? What utility does Microsoft warn
us not to use to edit this file?
- How do you access the Last Known Good configuration of a computer?
- What is the difference betwenn Safe Mode and VGA Mode?
- What is the common name a system failure event might be known as to
- What kind of command interface does the Recovery Console offer? What
versions of Windows provide the Recovery Console?
- What is the limit the text suggest for the number of fonts that may
be allowed on a computer?
- Why should you look for drivers on a recovery CD or a recovery partition
on your hard drive?
- Why might you prefer to use an In Place Upgrade of your current OS,
instead of a clean install when trying to correct an error?
- In what major way do Windows 9x and Me differ from W2K and
- What is io.sys? What is autoexec.bat?
- Define these terms: conventional memory, upper memory, extended memory.
Which one is high memory a part of?
- How does himem.sys allow you to load device drivers?
- How can you get to a DOS command line with Windows 95 in a way that
is not available in Windows XP?
- What are the rules for filename length and composition under DOS?
- What is a "current directory"? Why might you need to use
a full path to a file, depending on your current directory?
- What programs need to be added to a startup disk if you want to use
it to partition and format a new hard drive?
- What are nodes and hosts?
- What is a packet? What do you call the information tacked on to each
end of a packet?
- What is a physical topology? How is it different from a logical topology?
- What logical topology is used for an Ethernet? What is the most common
physical topology for an Ethernet?
- What is a token ring? What is a token?
- What are three common bandwidths (data transfer rates) found in Ethernet
- Segment length varies with each type of cable medium. What physical
characteristic of data transmission establishes segment length?
- What is the most commonly used cable medium on LANs?
- What is a LAN? What is a PAN? What is a MAN? What is a WAN?
- What kind of connectors are used with thin Ethernet? What kind of
- What does the IEEE 802.11 standard support? What are three variations
you might encounter?
- What is the FDDI standard? What medium does it use?
- What is a NIC? Why are they needed? What are three factors that should
influence your choice when buying a NIC?
- Why are protocols bound to NICs?
- What are routers for? How are they different from switches? Why are
switches preferable to hubs?
- What are three kinds of addresses (or equivalents) are used in networks?