CIS 107a: Introduction to Hardware Concepts

Review for Second Test
  1. What parts of a computer interface with the North Bridge of a chipset?

  2. What parts of a computer interface with the South Bridge of a chipset?

  3. What are two ways you might configure settings for a motherboard?

  4. How does the text refer to components that are built into a motherboard?

  5. What are the different kinds of PCI slots might you expect to see on a new computer? What different kinds of cards can work in each slot?

  6. What do you do with a jumper cover if you are not using it to connect two jumper pins?

  7. What should you consider doing regarding your BIOS when you are considering adding new components to a computer?

  8. What are standoffs? What purpose do they serve in a computer?

  9. When a computer boots up, what beep code is commonly heard if there were no problems?

  10. How many sectors are in each track on one side of a floppy disk? How many tracks per side does a floppy disk have? How are the tracks numbered?

  11. Why is a floppy disk called a floppy disk? What are the internal parts made of?

  12. What command is used in DOS to format a floppy disk? How do you format a floppy disk under Windows?

  13. When inspecting the data cables inside a computer, what will be an obvious difference about the floppy drive cable? How many pins are on its connectors? How many connectors might the cable have? Which one connects to the boot drive?

  14. What local drive letters are reserved for floppy drives?

  15. What is a cluster? What else does the text call a cluster? Can we say how many bytes it can hold? How about a sector?

  16. How much information could be stored on each type of floppy disk listed in the notes?

  17. What error might you see if you try to boot a system from a data disk? What might you see if you try to read data from a disk that has not been formatted?

  18. When installing new memory or a new drive, why should you go into the BIOS setup after rebooting?

  19. Hard drives have different characteristics. When shopping for a new one, what features do you have to match with other equipment in your computer?

  20. What is different about an IDE hard drive, compared to older technologies?

  21. What happens to a hard drive in a low level format? What happens in a high level format? Which is more commonly done by a user?

  22. How many pins are usually on an IDE connector? How many wires are usually in the data cable? How many wires could there be in an IDE data cable? What standard was the first to use the newer cable type? Can the cables be used interchangeably?

  23. What two things might be called heads on a hard drive? What are platters? What is a cylinder?

  24. What is an active partition? Why do you need to have one on most hard drives?

  25. What is the effect of large cluster sizes for larger hard drives?

  26. What are the three file systems discussed in the text and the notes? Which has the smallest cluster size for larger hard drives?

  27. What is the difference between a PATA and an SATA connection?

  28. How many hard drives could be connected to a motherboard with only PATA connection?

  29. What are the two most common connectors on the ends of a printer cable? What might be true to change one end? What is likely true of a recent printer purchase that would change the entire cable?

  30. What other names is IEEE 1394 known by?

  31. How many keyboard connection standards might you encounter when supporting legacy equipment? How many pins are used on the connectors for each of them?

  32. How does a standard mouse differ from an optical mouse? What maintenance procedure is eliminated by the optical mouse?

  33. What are the two most likely possibilities for the kind of expansion slot a new video card will go into? What might you find on a computer running at 12 MHz?

  34. What does SCSI stand for? Why is SCSI considered a bus, instead of an expansion slot type?

  35. What are SCSI addresses? What devices on a system must have a SCSI address? What are the potential addresses on a system? Which address will the host adapter typically have?

  36. How many SCSI peripherals can you make part of your computer system? How do ports serve as a work around for the limit on SCSI addresses?

  37. What is bus mastering? Why could this be a performance enhancer?

  38. What is termination on a SCSI bus? Where do you install or enable terminators?

  39. What does dual channel mean with regard to RAM?

  40. What are standard precautions to take when installing RAM, to protect yourself? What do you do to protect the computer and the RAM modules?

  41. What might you do to make sure you are selecting the correct RAM to upgrade a computer?

  42. What do you do if RAM you have just installed is not recognized by the computer?

  43. Some memory modules are meant to come straight out of their sockets, but most are not. What is the correct way to remove one that is not?

  44. How is the speed of a SIMM typically noted? What about DIMMs? What determines whether the oldest speed rating is used, or one of the two newer ones?

  45. What metals are typically found on the connectors for RAM modules? What difference could this make when choosing new modules for a specific computer?

  46. What are some differences between SIMMs, DIMMs, and RIMMs?

  47. What can you do to check the amount of RAM a computer has, regardless of the operating system? What can you do if it is running a recent version of Windows?

  48. What is a C-RIMM module? When do you need to use one?

  49. How does the concept of parity apply to some memory modules?

  50. What are banks of memory? Why is is important to know if your motherboard uses banks?

  51. What is memory latency? What acronyms are used when measuring latency?

  52. How many pins are on a DIN keyboard connector? How many on a PS/2 mouse connector?

  53. How many wires are used in USB cable?

  54. What is biometrics? How can this be used with computer systems for authentication?

  55. What common use of a computer can cause "chip creep"?

  56. What is meant by the refresh rate of a monitor? Is a lower number or higher number better?

  57. How does the cost of similar CRT and LED monitors compare?

  58. What does the dot pitch of a monitor represent? Is a higher or lower number more desirable?

  59. What controller chip in a computer controls the rate of data passed through serial connections?